The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. You can’t rely on symptoms to determine if you have HIV. Knowing your girlfriend’s HIV status is powerful information so you can take steps to keep yourself and your partner healthy.
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- If you test positive, you can take medicine to treat HIV. People living with who take drugs as prescribed (called antiretroviral therapy or ART) and who acquire and maintain an undetectable viral load can live long, healthy lives and are able to survive through sex. Will not transmit her HIV to her negative partner.
- If you test negative, you now have more freedom than ever to use HIV prevention tools such as: PEP), an drug taken within 72 hours of possible exposure to prevent the spread of the virus.
- If you are pregnant, you should be tested for so that you can start treatment if you are positive. If you are infected, take your medications as prescribed throughout pregnancy and delivery. May be less than 1% of drugs also protect your own health.
What are the symptoms of HIV?
There are several symptoms of HIV. Not everyone will have the same symptoms. It depends on the person and what stage of the disease they are in. Below are his three stages and some of the symptoms people may experience.
Stage 1: acute HIV infection
About two-thirds of her people develop a flu-like illness within two to four weeks after being infected with this. This is the body’s natural response to infection.
Flu-like symptoms include:
- night sweats
- muscle spasm
- sore throat
- swollen lymph nodes
These symptoms may last for days to weeks. However, some people have no symptoms at all in the early stages of HIV. Take the test as soon as possible! Find an HIV testing center near you. Locator.HIV.gov Do not assume that you have HIV because you have these symptoms. These symptoms may resemble those caused by other diseases. However, if you think you have , get an test.
Here’s what you should do:
- Find an HIV testing center near you – You can get tested for at your GP, community health center, clinic, or many other places. Use the HIV Services Locator to find an testing center near you.
- Get an HIV test for recent infection – Most tests look for antibodies (proteins your body makes in response to , not itself. It may take several weeks to produce There are other types of tests that can detect infection early.
- Check Status – Always check your test results after testing. If you are positive, see your doctor as soon as possible and start treatment with drugs. And please note:
If you are in the early stages of infection, you are at a very high risk of transmitting to others. It is important to take steps to reduce the risk of infection. If you are -negative, there are preventive tools such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) that can help you stay -negative.
Level 2: clinical latency
At this stage the virus is still multiplying, but at very low levels. People in this stage do not feel sick or have symptoms. . Without treatment, he can stay in this stage for 10 to 15 years, but some people go through this stage sooner.
If she takes her medicines as prescribed and has an undetectable viral load, she can live a long, healthy life and will not pass her to her negative partner through sex. However, if you have a detectable viral load, you can transmit at this stage even if you are asymptomatic. It is important to see your doctor regularly to check your viral load.
Level 3: AIDS
If you have and are not getting treatment, the virus will eventually weaken your body’s immune system and cause AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). This is the late stage of infection.
Symptoms of AIDS are:
- rapid weight loss
- recurrent fevers or profuse night sweats
- extreme unexplained fatigue
- Persistent swollen lymph glands in the armpit, groin, or neck
- diarrhea lasting more than a week
- Mouth, anus, or genital sores
- lung infection
- red, brown, pink, or purple patches on or under the skin or in the mouth, nose, or eyelids
- memory loss, depression and other neurological disorders
Each of these symptoms may also be related to other illnesses. The only way to know for sure if you have is to get tested. If you are positive, your health care provider will diagnose whether has progressed to stage 3 (AIDS) based on certain medical criteria. Call your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
But be careful:
With effective treatment, most of her-infected people in the United States do not progress to her AIDS. If you have, stay on treatment, take your medicines as prescribed, and keep your viral load under control, you will stay healthy and not develop AIDS.